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Syllabus for

Academic year
MMF210 - Crash safety
Owner: AUMAS
5,0 Credits (ECTS 7,5)
Grading: TH - Five, Four, Three, Not passed
Level: C
Department: 42 - APPLIED MECHANICS

Teaching language: English

Course module   Credit distribution   Examination dates
Sp1 Sp2 Sp3 Sp4 No Sp
0100 Project 2,0 c Grading: TH   2,0 c    
0200 Examination 3,0 c Grading: TH   3,0 c   22 Dec 2006 pm M,  10 Apr 2007 pm V,  31 Aug 2007 pm V

In programs

TMASA MECHANICAL ENGINEERING - Automotive Engineering, Year 4 (elective)


Docent  Johan Davidsson


For single subject courses within Chalmers programmes the same eligibility requirements apply, as to the programme(s) that the course is part of.

Course specific prerequisites

Basic courses in mechanics


Students in the course will learn human anatomy, how the human body responds to different types of transient mechanical loads and how injury tolerance levels and injury criteria are established. Biological, mechanical and mathematical simulation models will also be presented. The applicability of the different simulation models will be discussed. Additional course topics will include: protection systems for different body regions for different crash situations, crashworthiness, vehicle compatibility issues, unprotected road users and accident analyses/reconstructions, measuring system designs.

The student will also carry out an extensive hands-on laboratory exercise in which instrumented crash test dummies, measurement systems and video recordings and film analysis will be included.


The course consists of lectures and a laboratory exercise. The lectures will cover:
Fundamental anatomy, physiology, function and to some extent, medical terminology of the human body
Fundamental biomechanics and structural, functional, and visco-elastic effects of the human body
Biomechanical tolerance levels, injury mechanisms and protection criteria
Biological simulation models (cadavers, animals, human volunteers) and experimental studies
Mechanical simulation models, crash test dummies, instrumentation, measuring methods for transient events and crash test methods
Mathematical simulation models (FEM, rigid body, and hybrid models) used for analysing vehicle-occupant interactions as well as accident analyses and reconstructions
Methods for acquiring accident data, coding and classifying injuries, assessing risk of permanent disability, conducting epidemiological analyses
Protection system techniques, protection systems for different road-user categories, protection for different body parts for various crash configurations
Product Liability
Compatibility between vehicles and between vehicles and the road environment
Theme lectures on neck injuries and head injuries
Crash safety history


About 50 hours of scheduled lectures. Lecturers will cover the different subject areas with connection to the specific area in their daily work and research. The contents of the lectures are to a great extent included in the course literature, but the lecturers will also present much from their own experience and knowledge.

Laboratory Exercises:
One laboratory exercise will be carried out in the course. The purpose of this work is to investigate mechanical testing aspects of crash safety, to get acquainted with video analysis, measuring systems, instruments, crash test dummy parts and to analyse the obtained data. Each individual is responsible for one sub task within a larger project. Each group will present their test results in a report and present orally during a seminar. Each group should include 6 persons.


Injury Biomechanics, Technical University of Eindhoven (available from the Cremona) and handouts of lecture notes as provided by the course homepage


The course mark will be based on a written exam (100%) which will cover the lecture topics covered in the course. Submission of all laboratory exercises (40% of the course) is required before the exam is written. The written examination should be answered without any aids.

Page manager Published: Thu 03 Nov 2022.