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Syllabus for

Academic year
FKA130 - Nanoscale science
 
Owner: FNMAS
4,0 Credits (ECTS 6)
Grading: TH - Five, Four, Three, Not passed
Level: C
Department: 59 - MICROTECHNOLOGY AND NANOSCIENCE


Teaching language: English

Course module   Credit distribution   Examination dates
Sp1 Sp2 Sp3 Sp4 No Sp
0197 Examination 4,0 c Grading: TH   4,0 c   Contact examiner

In programs

TTFYA ENGINEERING PHYSICS, Year 4 (elective)
FNMAS MSc PROGRAMME IN NANOSCALE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, Year 1 (compulsory)

Examiner:

Professor  Göran Wendin
Professor  Vitaly Shumeiko



Eligibility:

For single subject courses within Chalmers programmes the same eligibility requirements apply, as to the programme(s) that the course is part of.

Course specific prerequisites

Introductory courses in Quantum Physics, Thermal Physics, Solid State Physics or Electronics

Aim

Nanoscale Science is a vast field at the interface between Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The scaling down of semiconductor technology into the nanometre range is presently leading to a whole new world of components and systems where quantum phenomena influence, or even determine, the behaviour of mechanical, electronic, optical, superconducting and molecular devices. New fields emerge, with names like nanoelectronics, nanomechanics, molecular engineering and bioelectronics. Research in Physics and Chemistry has developed methods for building structures atom-by-atom, molecule-by-molecule, via controlled instruments or self-assembling processes. The size of the famous C60 molecule is 1nm and a biological membrane is around 10 nm thick. The linewidths in a microprocessor is presently approaching 100 nm. Therefore, on the 1-100 nm scale much of the action in semiconductor devices and molecular and biological systems will occur. Very important questions involve the interfacing biological matter, like living cells, with metals and semiconductors to achieve electronic and chemical communication.

Goal

The course has three goals: (1) to give an overview of the current development in Nanoscale Science and Technology, (2) to give an introduction to the physics of electronic nano-scale devices, in particular quantum devices, and (3) to provide some explicit links to Microelectronics, Materials Physics, Biological Physics and Computer Science. In particular the course will provide a background for the Master's programme IMP(F)-Nanoscale Science and Technology. However, it should be equally useful for students from Chalmers and GU with other specializations in Physics, Electrical Engineering and Chemistry.

Content

Basics of material properties and operation principles of nano-scale electronic devices. How can transistors operate on a molecular level? What are the limitations imposed by quantum mechanics? To be a master of a quantum world: quantum engineering. Elements of electronic nano-devices: nano-wires and atomic-size contacts; physics of quantum dots - artificial atoms. Resonant tunneling transistors. Coulomb blockade phenomena and single-electron transistors. Elements for quantum information processing: quantum bits. Advanced materials for nano-electronics: fullerens and carbon nanotubes. Nano-machines. Nanoelectronics and bioscience.

Organisation

The various topics will be covered through regular lectures, guest lectures and exercises, as well as through individual projects with literature studies, computer work and project presentations.

Literature

The course will be based on lecture notes, information from WWW, and scientific articles.
The programming environment will be Matlab.
http://fy.chalmers.se/~wendin/PhysEng/MINA/NanoScience.html

Examination

Literature project with seminar presentation.
Computer project with extensive report.
Both projects will be structured in such a way that grades can be given.
For grade 5, an oral exam is obligatory.


Page manager Published: Mon 28 Nov 2016.