Search course

Use the search function to find more information about the study programmes and courses available at Chalmers. When there is a course homepage, a house symbol is shown that leads to this page.

Graduate courses

Departments' graduate courses for PhD-students.


Syllabus for

Academic year
TME196 - Impact biomechanics
Syllabus adopted 2014-02-17 by Head of Programme (or corresponding)
Owner: MPAUT
7,5 Credits
Grading: TH - Five, Four, Three, Not passed
Education cycle: Second-cycle
Major subject: Bioengineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Physics
Department: 42 - APPLIED MECHANICS

Teaching language: English
Open for exchange students
Block schedule: C
Maximum participants: 40

Course module   Credit distribution   Examination dates
Sp1 Sp2 Sp3 Sp4 Summer course No Sp
0111 Written and oral assignments, part A 4,5 c Grading: TH   4,5 c    
0211 Examination, part B 3,0 c Grading: TH   3,0 c   02 Jun 2015 am M,  16 Apr 2015 am M,  17 Aug 2015 am M

In programs



Docent  Johan Davidsson


TME195   Advanced passive safety


In order to be eligible for a second cycle course the applicant needs to fulfil the general and specific entry requirements of the programme that owns the course. (If the second cycle course is owned by a first cycle programme, second cycle entry requirements apply.)
Exemption from the eligibility requirement: Applicants enrolled in a programme at Chalmers where the course is included in the study programme are exempted from fulfilling these requirements.

Course specific prerequisites

BSc in Engineering
Vehicle and Traffic safety recommended


Students are to attain an understanding in human anatomy and physiology so that they can understand the implications of different types of mechanical loads on the body. The student will learn to develop/use mathematical models of humans, especially on simulation of tissue, and of mechanical dummies. The students are to attain knowledge on how mechanical dummies are designed and how injury tolerance levels and injury criteria are established. The students will learn the principles of injury reduction trough restraints for different body regions, crash situations and for occupant diversity. The students will learn methods to use accident analyses/reconstructions to suggest vehicle and restraint design improvements and to assess injury criteria.

Learning outcomes (after completion of the course the student should be able to)

- describe the basic structure and mechanical properties of various body parts - describe how different body regions respond to static and transient loads; biomechanical and physiological response (fundamental principles of injury biomechanics)
- discuss the concept of injury criteria, injury risk functions and injury thresholds
- suggest appropriate model, e.g. subtypes of mechanical, biological or mathematical models, in various different types of studies in the field of passive safety
- describe how restraints can reduce injury risk
- describe how a vehicle accident analysis and reconstruction is carried out and how such data can be used to specify product requirements
- describe how near-crash activated reversible safety systems will reduce injury risk if the crash occurs.


The course consists of lectures, seminars and laboratory exercises. The lectures will cover:
- Fundamental anatomy and physiology and response to loads.
- Biomechanical tolerance levels, injury mechanisms and protection criteria.
- Biological models (cadavers, animals, human volunteers) and experimental studies.
- Mechanical models, crash test dummies, instrumentation, measuring methods for transient events and crash test methods. - Mathematical models (FEM, rigid body, and hybrid models) used for analysing vehicle-occupant interactions (pre-crash and in-crash) as well as accident analyses and reconstructions.
- Methods for acquiring accident data, coding and classifying injuries, assessing risk of permanent disability, conducting epidemiological analyses.
- Protection system techniques, protection systems for different road-user categories, protection for different body parts for various crash configurations


- Lectures
- Seminars
- Assignments


To be defined.
To some extent: Trauma Biomechanics - Accident Injury in Traffic and Sports; Kai-Uwe Scmitt et al. 2:nd edition or later, ISBN 978-3-540-73872-5 and handouts of lecture notes as provided by the course homepage


- Assignments (A1), 4.5 p, graded
- Exam (A2), 3 p, graded

Page manager Published: Thu 04 Feb 2021.