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Departments' graduate courses for PhD-students.

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Syllabus for

Academic year
ENM030 - Enviromental and energy systems
 
Syllabus adopted 2008-02-27 by Head of Programme (or corresponding)
Owner: TKMAS
7,5 Credits
Grading: TH - Five, Four, Three, Not passed
Education cycle: First-cycle
Department: 47 - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT


Teaching language: Swedish

Course module   Credit distribution   Examination dates
Sp1 Sp2 Sp3 Sp4 No Sp
0106 Examination 7,5 c Grading: TH   7,5 c   25 Oct 2008 am M,  17 Jan 2009 am H,  28 Aug 2009 am V

In programs

TKMAS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, Year 3 (compulsory)

Examiner:

Docent  Stefan Wirsenius
Bitr professor  Tobias Mattisson


Course evaluation:

http://document.chalmers.se/doc/1862286760

The course contains theme environment


Eligibility:

For single subject courses within Chalmers programmes the same eligibility requirements apply, as to the programme(s) that the course is part of.

Course specific prerequisites

Thermodynamics or similar.

Aim

The goal of the course is to give the student a good understand of
sustainable development and the effects which humans have on the earths
climate and ecosystems. Further the course aims at providing an
understanding to the limitations and possibilities for use of different
natural resources from a sustainability point of view. The focus is on the
energy system, and the student will gain insight into the possibilities and
restrictions for meeting an increased energy demand in a sustainable way.
The course includes topics related to energy resources and ecosystem effects
of different energy conversion technologies, strategies for a sustainable
energy future in addition to a technical discussion of different carbon-free
energy conversion processes. This last part of the course aims at giving
the mechanical engineer technical knowledge in an important and growing
field. Examples of these types of technologies are combustion/gasification
of biofuels and steam power plants (such as co-generation), nuclear power,
wind- and solar-power. Basic energy system modelling is also included in
the course.

Learning outcomes (after completion of the course the student should be able to)

* From a physical perspective understand humans use of natural resources and the effect which natural resource use and degradation has on ecosystems

* Understand the concept of sustainable development and its different dimensions

* Understand restrictions and limitations from the sustainability perspective for use of resources and technologies, for instance land and non-renewable resources

* Describe the different form of energy resources (renewable and non-renewable) and understand how these can be converted to different forms of energy

* Understand the general strategies and possibilities for a sustainable use of energy resources and conversion technologies

* Understand the central factors which govern how long fossil fuels will be used

* Understand the ecological and socio-economic restrictions in the large scale use of biofuels. The student should also understand the different processes and efficiencies in biofuel conversion to other energy carriers.

* Understand the principles behind nuclear-, wind- and solar power

* Understand the Clausius-Rankine process and be able to calculate process efficiencies for these types of power plants. Further the student should know the main techniques which are used to increase plant efficiency.

* Understand basic combustion and gasification principles and be able to solve problems related to combustion stoichiometry and thermodynamics. The student should understand the main environmental problems related to combustion and techniques for minimizing effects.

* Understand what an energy system is and be able to optimize simple energy systems.

Content

The course will initially focus on the different dimensions of sustainable development from a system perspective. This will be followed by discussions on some of the more serious environmental problems facing us today, including the greenhouse effect, acidification, eutrophication and biodiversity losses. This will be followed by a more general look at principles and strategies for sustainable resource management, with focus on food, fiber and energy systems. The course will devote a considerable portion of time to the energy system, with a discussion on the possibility to use different renewable energy sources (biomass, wind and solar power), fossil fuel with carbon sequestration and nuclear power. Special focus will be on the future use of bioenergy, and possible negative ecological and socio-economic effects of large scale bioenergy use will be highlighted. Land use is of central importance in use of different renewable energy sources, but also for production of food and fiber, and these possible areas of conflict will be dealt with in the course.

Key technologies within the energy and transport sector will be studied in more detail. Principles for energy conversion as well as the process efficiencies of different technologies will be studied. The focus will be on different types of steam power plants (Clausius-Rankine) although other key technologies will be discussed as well. Other key carbon-free technologies will also be studied, for example nuclear power, fuel-cells and carbon capture technologies. One part of the course is related to combustion and gasification where the major focus is on fuel properties and combustion stoichiometry as well as environmental effects of combustion and gasification.

As the course goals above suggest, the aim of one of the parts of the course is not to teach a specific theory or methodology - rather the aim is to give the student a structured and well-established knowledge within a vast and highly complex area of study. However, the other part of the course does aim at giving the student understanding of the theoretical basis for energy conversion. This will be achieved by a combination of lectures of the theoretical background in addition to problem solving sessions, where the student will be given supervised time to solve problems related to energy utilization and conversion. The course also includes two mandatory group projects.

Organisation

In addition to the lectures, the course includes supervised problem-solving sessions and two mandatory group projects, which are part of the learning process and illustrates important concepts which have been covered during the lectures.

Literature

1. Hållbar utveckling: Kompendium för kursen Miljö- och energiteknik. (2007), Institutionen för energi och miljö

2. Energiteknik: Kompendium för kursen Miljö- och energiteknik. (2007), Institutionen för energi och miljö

3. Mörstedt och Hellsten (1999), Data och Diagram: Energi- och kemitekniska tabeller.

4. Räkneövningshäfte (del 1 och 2)

Examination

1. Exam with grading-scale TH

2. The projects (2) need to have a passing grade


Page manager Published: Thu 04 Feb 2021.